Jun 30

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) — Immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy has a low risk of complications and does not cause unreasonable delays in breast cancer treatment, according to a new study.

Mastectomy is partial or complete surgical removal of one or both breasts.

Researchers looked at 170 women with advanced breast cancer who had immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy, including 13 women who had reconstruction of both breasts. The reconstructions were mainly done with tissue from the abdominal area, known as TRAM flaps.

Fifteen major complications, a rate of 8.8 percent, occurred among the women.

Full article…

Tags: Mastectomy , Right Mastectomy

Jun 30

CAIRO — Egypt’s ministry of agriculture on Friday denied that fenugreek seeds exported to Europe had caused an E.coli outbreak that has killed 50 people, mainly in Germany.

The head of Egypt’s Central Administration of Agricultural Quarantine, Ali Suleiman, said claims by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) that Egyptian fenugreek seeds exported in 2009 and 2010 may have been implicated in the outbreak were “completely untrue.”

“The presence of this bacteria in Egypt has not been proven at all, and it has not been recorded,” Suleiman told the official MENA news agency.

He said the Egyptian company that exported the seeds in 2009 has stressed in a letter that it had exported the fenugreek to Holland and not to Germany, Britain or France.

On Wednesday, the EFSA said a “rapid risk assessment” it conducted with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), had shown the Egyptian seeds could have been to blame.

“There is still much uncertainty about whether this is truly the common cause of all the infections as there are currently no positive bacteriological results,” it stressed.

The World Health Organization said 4,050 infections have been confirmed in 14 European countries, the United States and Canada — more than 3,900 of them in Germany.

All but two of the fatalities have so far been in Germany, apart from one case in the United States and a woman who died in Sweden shortly after returning from a visit to Germany.

Tags: Outbreak

Jun 30

Heres a navigating tip to ensure that you dont wander around in the desert for 40 days like Moses did because he was like every other man afraid to ask for directions: Its almost always better to go through the heart of an issue than around it. Because no shortcut is without its share of construction.

If you disagree with me, spend a year in Chicago. There I learned that it is possible to repair every street at the same time, making it damn near impossible to arrive at work on time.

During my two suicidal years, my therapist must have pulled out her GPS navigating system two or three times a session.

Full article…

Jun 30

Australian scientists are one step closer towards developing a revolutionary vaccine, which could be swallowed with food rather than being injected.

Clinical trials led by Nobel Prize winner Dr Barry Marshall have identified certain strains of stomach bacteria, which are safe to use in humans as the basis for edible vaccines.

Marshall and his team will apply for approval to trial their first edible vaccine containing a bug with a flu vaccine attached to it within a year.

“The next step is to submit this data with an application to government bodies like the TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration) and FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in the US, perhaps, for the next study which would be to put a vaccine into bacteria we have chosen to show we can vaccinate somebody,” News.com.au quoted Marshall as saying.

“The next trial will not be a giant study but it may be 30-100 participants,” he said.

For the recent trials, Marshalls team of 15 scientists at his biotech company Ondek carried out tests on a group of 30 people in Perth.

They injected five strains of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori a cancer-causing stomach bug into five groups of six participants to find out if they would cause any side effects.

The bugs were collected from elderly people in Sweden who had carried the bugs all their lives but never showed any symptoms.

The bugs easily infected the trial participants, who suffered none or only minor side effects such as occasional stomach upsets.

Three of the bug strains lasted longer than three months, while the other two disappeared in the same period.

The results suggested the bugs were safe for scientists to attach vaccines to for delivery through the wall of the stomach instead of via a syringe.

For the next trials, the scientists plan to give participants one dose of the edible vaccine, possibly in the form of yoghurt, which Marshall believes is ideal for people to eat as a vaccine.

Marshall, who won a Nobel Prize in 2005 for discovering Helicobacter caused stomach ulcers, said there was huge potential for edible vaccines.

They would be an easy way of providing booster vaccines to baby boomers as well as others to fight off hepatitis B, malaria and swine flu.

Tags: Edible Vaccine , Vaccine